August 2007
The Coming Revolution in Scholarly Communications & Cyberinfrastructure
Incentivizing the Open Access Research Web
Publication-Archiving, Data-Archiving and Scientometrics
Tim Brody, University of Southampton, UK
Les Carr, University of Southampton, UK
Yves Gingras, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
Chawki Hajjem, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
Stevan Harnad, University of Southampton, UK; Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
Alma Swan, University of Southampton, UK; Key Perspectives


There are many contributors to the OA advantage, but currently, with spontaneous OA self-archiving still hovering at only about 15%, a competitive advantage is one of its important components (Figure 5). (The University of Southampton, the first to adopt a self-archiving mandate, already enjoys an unexpectedly large "G-Factor," which may well be due to the competitive advantage it gained from being the world's first to mandate OA self-archiving: Figure 6) With the growing use of research impact metrics, validated by the UK RAE, the OA advantage will become much more visible and salient to researchers. Together with the growth of data impact metrics, alongside publication impact metrics and the prominent example of how scientometrics can data-mine its online database, there should now be a positive feedback loop, encouraging data self-archiving, publication self-archiving, OA self-archiving mandates, and the continuing development of the functionality of the underlying infrastructure.

Figure 5

Figure 5. Open Access Impact Advantage: There are many contributors to the OA Impact Advantage, but an important one currently (with OA self-archiving still only at 15%) is the competitive advantage. Although this advantage will of course disappear at 100% OA, metrics will make it more evident to researchers today, providing a strong motivation to reap the current competitive advantage.

Figure 6

Figure 6. Southampton Web Impact G-Factor: An important contributor to the University of Southampton’s surprisingly high web impact ‘G-Factor’ is the fact that it was the first to adopt a departmental self-archiving mandate so as to maximise the visibility, usage and impact of its research output.30
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6 arxiv.org/abs/cs.IR/0703131
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18 www.citebase.org/help/
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20 Brody, T., Harnad, S. and Carr, L. (2006) “Earlier Web Usage Statistics as Predictors of Later Citation Impact,” Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST),Vol. 57, no.8, pp. 1060-1072. eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/
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24 Smith, A., Eysenck, M. "The correlation between RAE ratings and citation counts in psychology," June 2002 psyserver.pc.rhbnc.ac.uk/citations.pdf
25 Harnad, S., Carr, L., Brody, T. & Oppenheim, C. (2003) "Mandated online RAE CVs Linked to University Eprint Archives: Improving the UK Research Assessment Exercise whilst making it cheaper and easier," Ariadne, Vol. 35 (April 2003). www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/harnad/
26 www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/eval_of_science_oslo.html
27 Harnad, S. (2007) “Open Access Scientometrics and the UK Research Assessment Exercise,” Proceedings of the 11th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics. Madrid, Spain, 25 June 2007 arxiv.org/abs/cs.IR/0703131
28 Harnad, S. & Brody, T. (2004) "Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals," D-Lib Magazine, Vol.10, no. 6. June www.dlib.org/dlib/june04/harnad/06harnad.html
29 Lawrence, S. (2001), "Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact," Nature, Vol. 31 May 2001 www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/lawrence.html
30 Copyright Peter Hirst, 2006. This article and its contents and associated images may be freely reproduced and distributed provided that in every case its origin is properly attributed and a link to this website is included. www.universitymetrics.com/

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Reference this article
Harnad, S., Brody, T., Carr, L., Gingras, Y., Hajjem, C., Swan, A. "Incentivizing the Open Access Research Web," CTWatch Quarterly, Volume 3, Number 3, August 2007. http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly/articles/2007/08/incentivizing-the-open-access-research-web/

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